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Iranian Historical Figures

Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Balkhī Rumi - مولانا جلال الدین محمد بلخی رومی

Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Balkhī Rumi

مولانا جلال الدین محمد بلخی رومی


"Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Balkhī", who has been famous as "Mollaye Rum" due to his residence in Konya, was born on Rabi al-Awwal Sixth in 604 AH in Balkh. His complete name is "Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Hossein Hosseini Khatibi Bakri Balkhi", and Mowlavi and Mawlana are among his titles.

Mawlana has left various works. His works are either prose or verse. His most famous books are Divan-e Shams, The Spiritual Masnavi and Fihi Ma Fihi. Although Mowlavi works belong to all the people of the world, but Iranians and Persian speaking people have a greater share because his works are in Persian and is affected by Iranian culture more. Masnavi tales were generally consistent with Iranian culture of that times.

He has composed about sixty to seventy thousand Farsi verses, about one thousand Arabic verses, and less than fifty Greek/Turkish verses of poem.

The Quatrains, The Seven Sermons and Mawlana Discourses are among other works of Mowlavi.

And finally, he passed away on the evening of Jamadi-al-Akhar 5th in 672 AH at the age of 68 in Konya. The tomb of this great poet of sixth century is now in Konya (current Turkey) and is a place of pilgrimage for the lovers and devotees of this great poet.

Mawlana is very popular in the United States of America and other western countries. A memorial for the demise of one of the professors from San Antonio College was enriched with Mawlana poems.

The value of this poet were so high that UNESCO entitled the year 2007 as the International Year of Mawlana with the suggestion of Turkey and the Mawlana Stamp was published in USA with a profile from Ostad Behzad in that year and also the 800th birthday of Mawlana was held in 2007 in the United Nations.

In Iran, 8th of Mehr is considered as the tribute day of Mowlavi.


Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Balkhī Rumi - مولانا جلال الدین محمد بلخی رومی

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