Fars Province » Naqsh-e Rostam

Fars Province

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam

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Naqsh-e Rostam, is situated a few kilometers northwest of Persepolis, the capital of the ancient Achaemenid empire. As is shown by a pre-Achaemenid relief and several old graves, Naqsh-e Rostam was already a place of some importance when king Darius I the Great (522-486 BC) ordered his monumental tomb to be carved into the cliff. Later, similar royal rock tombs were added.

After the fall of the Achaemenid empire, Naqš-i Rustam remained important to the Persians. After 260 CE, the Sasanian king Shapur I had a monumental relief cut out in the rock, showing how he made Philippus Arabs ruler of the Roman empire and received the defeated Roman emperor Valerian. Other reliefs were added by Shapur's successors.

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naghsh-e-Rostam - Overview

Four tombs belonging to Achaemenid kings are carved out of the rock face. They are all at a considerable height above the ground. In front of the tombs is a small tower, which is known as the Ka'bah-i Zardusht ("Zarathustra's ka'bah" - the real ka'bah being the famous monument in Mecca). Probably, this tower was used to keep the holy fire or books (e.g., the Avesta).

Seven oversized rock reliefs at Naqsh-e Rustam depict monarchs of the Sassanid period. The investiture relief of Ardashir I (c. 226-242). The triumph of Shapur I (c. 241-272). The "grandee" relief of Bahram II (c. 276-293). The two equestrian reliefs of Bahram II (c. 276-293). The investiture of Narseh (c. 293-303). The equestrian relief of Hormizd II (c. 303-309)

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Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

Naqsh-e Rostam - Fars Province - Iran- نقش رستم

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